Question

Novice

Intermediate

Expert

What is communication?

Speech only, or speaking and hearing

Verbal and non-verbal communication is mentioned but without particular examples, or answer does not acknowledge the social component

Answer goes beyond speech; thoughts and ideas that are conveyed through verbal and non-verbal means such as gestures; used for social interaction

What are the major communication problems in children with autism?

Trouble talking; wrongly identifies difficulty with articulation; talks strangely; are abnormal

Mentions a subcomponent of problems listed in expert but doesn't mention impaired social interaction; mentions social problems without other problems mentioned

Problems with joint attention, pragmatics, affect, conversation, speech tone (flat affect or echolalia), severe delay; No mention of a problem with articulation

How might someone communicate if they couldn't speak?

Identifies only one modality (e.g., sign language)

Identifies two modes of non-verbal communication

Identifies three or more modes (e.g., sign language, other forms of AAC, gestures, non-verbal vocalizations, body language, affect, writing

What are some parts of anatomy involved in speech production?

Mentions none or one of the three: Respiratory system, speech-sound generating system, and articulators

Mentions two of the three: Respiratory system, speech-sound generating system, and articulators

Mentions all three: Respiratory system, speech-sound generating system, and articulators

What are some parts of anatomy involved in language production?

Mentions none or one of the following: Brain, respiratory system, speech-sound generating system, articulators, and hands

Mentions 2 or 3 of the following: Brain, respiratory system, speech-sound generating system, articulators, and hands

Mentions 4 or 5 of the following: Brain, respiratory system, speech-sound generating system, articulators, and hands